Biomark Research Reference Library

Technical Papers

We are compiling a list which contains references from research dealing either directly or indirectly with PIT tags. We hope that this list will provide users or just people interested in PIT-tags with some insight into how the technology has been applied. We will continue to add to the list, so just ask us if we have anything that has not yet been posted. We are also interested in receiving relevant articles, publications, and annual reports (peer-reviewed or not) that are not found here.

The current list is loosely organized by taxonomic class of animal. We separated anadromous salmonids from "Fish" just to make it easier to search through the list. This list can either be printed or saved as a html or text file. If you have any questions or comments, please pass them along.

Anadromous Trout and Salmon

  • Achord, S., G. M. Matthews, O. W. Johnson, and D. M. Marsh. 1996. Use of passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags to monitor migration timing of Snake River Chinook salmon smolts. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 16: 302-313.
  • Achord, S., E. F. Prentice, and W. R. Wassard. 2003. In-stream monitoring of PIT-tagged wild juvenile salmonids: procedural, biological, and data considerations.
    Notes: Presented at AFS Annual Meeting in Quebec City.
  • Achord, S., J. R. Harmon, D. M. Marsh, B. P. Sandford, K. W. McIntyre, K. L. Thomas, N. N. Paasch, and G. M. Matthews. 1992. Research related to transportation of juvenile salmonids on the Columbia and Snake Rivers, 1991. Report to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Contract DACW68-84-H0034. (Available from Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Bloulevard E., Seattle WA 98112-2097).
  • Adams, N. S., D. W. Rondorf, E. E. Kofoot, M. J. Banach, and M. A. Tuell. 1997. Migrational characteristics of juvenile chinook salmon and steelhead in the forebay of Lower Granite Dam relative to the 1996 surface bypass collector tests. Report to U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District.
  • Adams, N. S., D. W. Rondorf, and M. A. Tuell. 1998. Migrational characteristics of juvenile spring and fall chinook salmon and steelhead in the forebay of Lower Granite Dam relative to the 1997 surface bypass collector tests. Report to U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District.
  • Adams, N. S., D. W. Rondorf, M. A. Tuell, and M. J. Banach. 1998. Migrational characteristics of juvenile spring chinook salmon and steelhead in Lower Granite Reservoir and tributaries, Snake River. Report to U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District.
  • Armstrong, J. D., V. A. Braithwaite, and M. Fox. 1998. The response of wild Atlantic salmon parr to acute reductions in water flow. Journal of Animal Ecology 67: 292-297.
  • Armstrong, J. D., V. A. Braithwaite, and P. Rycroft. 1996. Flat-bed passive integrated transponder antenna array for monitoring behavior of Atlantic Salmon parr and other fish. Journal of Fish Biology 48: 539-541.
  • Armstrong, J. D., S. Einum, I. A. Fleming, and P. Rycroft. Method for tracking the behaviour of mature and immature parr around nests during spawning.
  • Armstrong, J. D., F. A. Huntingford, and N. A. Herbert. 1999. Individual space use strategies of wild juvenile Atlantic salmon. Journal of Fish Biology 55: 1201-1212.
  • Axel, G. A., E. F. Prentice, and B. P. Sandford. 2003. Evaluation of a full-flow PIT-tag interrogation system at McNary Dam, 2002. Report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Contract No. W68SBV10333831.
  • Bell, E., W. G. Duffy, and T. D. Roelofs. 2001. Fidelity and survival of juvenile coho salmon in response to a flood. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 130: 450-458.
  • Buettner, E. W. and V. L. Nelson. 1989. Smolt condition and timing of arrival at Lower Granite Reservoir. Report to Bonneville Power Administration, Contract No. DE-AI79-83BP11631. (Available from Bonneville Power Administration, Division of Fish and Wildlife, P.O. Box 3621, Portland, Oregon, 97208).
  • Burns, M. D., N. H. C. Fraser, and N. B. Metcalfe. 1997. An automated system for monitoring fish activity patterns. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 126: 1036-1040.
    Notes: Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar).
  • Collis, K. 1997. Recovery of PIT tags from piscivourous waterbird colonies. PTAGIS Newsletter 2: 1-2.
  • Collis, K., D. D. Roby, D. P. Craig, B. A. Ryan, and R. D. Ledgerwood. 2001. Colonial waterbird predation on juvenile salmonids tagged with passive integrated transponders in the Columbia River estuary: vulnerability of differenct salmonid species, stocks and rearing types. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 130: 385-396.
  • Connor, W. P., H. L. Burge, and D. H. Bennett. 1998. Detection of pit-tagged subyearling chinook salmon at a Snake River dam: implications for summer flow augmentation. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 18: 530-536.
  • Dare, M. R. 2003. Mortality and long-term retention of passive integrated transponder tags by spring chinook salmon. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 23: 1015-1019.
  • Dare, M. R., C. S. McCutcheon, and R. J. Richmond. 2002. Manual PIT tag collection at the caspian tern colony on Crescent Island, Washington. Report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Contract DACW68-96-0003. (Available from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 201 N. Third Avenue, Walla Walla, WA 99362).
  • Elliott, D. G. and R. J. Pascho. 2001. Evidence that coded-wire-tagging procedures can enhance trasmission of Renibacteium salmoninarum in chinook salmon. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 13: 181-193.
  • Elston, R. A. 1986. Preliminary investigation of the inactivation of Aeromonas salmonicida, a fish pathogen. Final Report to National Oceanic and Atmoshperic Administrations under a Related Services Agreement with the U.S. Department of Energy, Contract DE-AC06-76RLO 1830.
  • Eppard, M. B., E. E. Hockersmith, G. A. Axel, and B. P. Sandford. 2002. Spillway survival for hatchery yearling and subyearling chinool salmon passing Ice Harbor Dam, 2000. Report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Contract W68SBV92844866. (Available from Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard E., Seattle, WA 98113-2097).
  • Fangstam, H. 1993. Individual downstream swimming speed during the natural smolting period among young of Baltic salmon. Canadian Journal of Zoology 71: 1782-1786.
  • Fukuwaka, M. and M. Kaeriyama. 1997. Scale analyses to estimate somatic growth in sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54: 631-636.
  • Giorgi, A. E., T. W. Hillman, J. R. Stevenson, S. G. Hays, and C. M. Peven. 1997. Factors that influence the downstream migration rates of juvenile salmon and steelhead through the hydroelectric system in the Mid-Columbia River basin. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 17: 268-282.
  • Glabek, J. H., B. A. Ryan, E. P. Nunnallee, and J. W. Ferguson. 2003. Detection of Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags on piscivorous bird colonies in the Columbia River Basin, 2001. Report for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Delivery Order 2RL4SPT00. Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard W., Seattle WA 98112-2097.
  • Gries, G. and B. H. Letcher. 2002. Night seining technique for sampling juvenile Atlantic salmon in streams. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22: 595-601.
  • Gries, G. and B. H. Letcher. 2002. Tag retention and survival of age-0 atlantic salmon following survical implantation with passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22: 219-222.
  • Harmon, J. R., D. J. Kamikawa, B. P. Sandford, K. W. McIntyre, K. L. Thomas, N. N. Paasch, and G. M. Matthews. 1995. Research related to transportation of juvenils salmonids on the Columbia and Snake Rivers, 1993. Report to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Contract DACW68-84-H0034. (Available from Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard E., Seattle, WA 98112-2097).
  • Harmon, J. R., D. M. Marsh, N. N. Paasch, K. L. Thomas, K. W. McINtyre, B. P. Sandford, and G. M. Matthews. 2000. Research related to transportation of juvenile salmonids on the Columbia and Snake Rivers, 1999. Report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Contract DACW68-84-H0034. (Available from Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard E., Seattle, WA 98112-2097).
  • Hockersmith, E. E., S. L. Downing, and D. B. Dey . 2003. Post-construction evaluation of the modified PIT-tag diversion and bypass system at Little Goose Dam, 2002. Report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Contract No. W68SBV10182881.
  • Hockersmith, E. E., W. D. Muir, S. G. Smith, B. P. Sandford, R. W. Perry, N. S. Adams, and D. W. Rondorf. 2003. Comparison and migration rate and survival between radio-tagged and PIT-tagged migrant yearling chinook salmon in the Snake and Columbia Rivers. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 23.
  • Lowther, A. B. 2002. Development, expansion, and evaluation of release-recapture survival models for Snake River juvenile salmonids, with new algorithms allowing time-dependent individual covariates. University of Washington, Dissertation,Seattle, Washington.
  • Marsh, D. M., J. R. Harmon, K. W. McIntyre, K. L. Thomas, N. N. Paasch, B. P. Sandford, D. J. Kamikawa, and G. M. Matthews. 1996. Research related to transportation of juvenile salmonids on the Columbia and Snake River, 1995. Report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Contract DACW68-84-H0034. (Available from Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard E., Seattle, WA 98112-2097).
  • Marsh, D. M., J. R. Harmon, N. N. Paasch, K. L. Thomas, K. W. McIntyre, B. P. Sandford, and G. M. Matthews. 1997. Research related to transporation of juvenile salmonids on the Columbia and Snake River, 1996. Report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Delivery Order E86960099. (Available from Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard E., Seattle, WA 98112-2097).
  • Marsh, D. M., J. R. Harmon, N. N. Paasch, K. L. Thomas, K. W. McIntyre, B. P. Sandford, and G. M. Matthews. 1998. Research related to transportation of juvenile salmonids on the Columbia and Snake Rivers, 1997. Report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Delivery Order E86960099. (Available from Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard E., Seattle, WA 98112-2097).
  • Marsh, D. M., J. R. Harmon, N. N. Paasch, K. L. Thomas, K. W. McIntyre, B. P. Sandford, and G. M. Matthews. 2000. Research related to transortation of juvenile salmonids on the Columbia and Snake River, 1998. Report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Contract DACW68-84-H0034. (Available from Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard E., Seattle, WA 98112-2097).
  • Marsh, D. M., j. R. Harmon, N. N. Paasch, K. L. Thomas, K. W. McIntyre, B. P. Sandford, and G. M. Matthews. 2001. Research related to transportation of juvenile salmonids on the Columbia and Snake Rivers, 2000. Report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Delivery Order E86960099. (Available from Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard E., Seattle, WA 98112-2097).
  • Marsh, D. M., J. R. Harmon, N. N. Paasch, K. L. Thomas, K. W. McIntyre, B. P. Sandford, and G. M. Matthews. 2003. Research related to transportation of juvenile salmonids on the Columbia and Snake Rivers, 2001. Report to U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Delivery Order E86960099. (Available from Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard E., Seattle, WA 98112-2097).
  • Marsh, D. M., G. M. Matthews, S. Achord, T. E. Ruehle, and B. P. Sandford. 1999. Diverson of salmonid smolts tagged with Passive Integrated Transponders from an untagged population passing through a juvenile collection system. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 19: 1142-1146.
  • Martin-Smith, K. M. and J. D. Armstrong. 2002. Growth rates of wild stream-dwelling Atlantic salmon correlate with activity and sex but not dominance. Journal of Animal Ecology 413-423.
  • Matter, A. L. and B. P. Sandford. 2003. A comparison of migration rates of radio- and PIT-tagged adult Snake River chinook salmon through the Columbia River hydropower system. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 23: 967-973.
  • Maynard, D. J., D. A. Frost, F. W. Waknitz, and E. F. Prentice. 1996. Vulnerability of marked age-0 steelhead to a visual predator. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 125: 330-333.
  • McCutcheon, C. S. and A. E. Giorgi. 1990. Assessment of freeze-brand and pit-tag recovery data for juvenile salmonids at McNary Dam, Annual Report 1988. Report to Bonneville Power Administration, Project No. 87-130,Agreement DE-A179-87-BP34269. (Available from Bonneville Power Administration, P.O. Box 3621, Portland, OR 97208).
  • McCutcheon, C. S., E. F. Prentice, and D. L. Park. 1994. Passive monitoring of migrating adult steelhead with PIT tags. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14: 220-223.
  • Mosey, T. R., K. G. Murdoch, and B. M. Bickford. 1999. Biological and hydraulic evaluation of the Rocky Reach surface collector, 1998. Chelan County Public Utility District. P.O. Box 1231, Wenatchee, WA 98807-1231.
  • Muir, W. D., S. G. Smith, J. G. Williams, E. E. Hockersmith, and J. R. Skalski. 2001. Survival estimates for migrant yearling chinok salmon and steelhead tagged with passive integrated transponders in the lower Snake and lower Columbia Rivers, 1993-1998. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 21: 269-282.
  • Muir, W. D., S. G. Smith, J. G. Williams, and B. P. Sandford. 2001. Survival of juvenile salmonids passing through bypass systems, turbines, and spillways with and without flow deflectors at Snake River dams. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 21: 135-146.
  • Muir, W. D., W. S. Zaugg, A. E. Giorgi, and S. McCutcheon. 1994. Accelerating smolt development and downstream movement in yearling chinook salmon with advanced photoperiod and increased temperature. Aquaculture 123: 387-399.
  • Newman, K. 1997. Bayesian averaging of generalized linear models for passive integrated transponder tag recovery from salmonids in the Snake River. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 17: 362-377.
  • Nunnallee, E. P., E. F. Prentice, B. F. Jonasson, and W. Patten. 1998. Evaluation of a flat-plate PIT tag interrogation system at Bonneville Dam. Aquacultural Engineering 17: 261-272.
  • Paulsen, C. M. and T. R. Fisher. 2001. Statistical relationship between parr-to-smolt survival of Snake River spring-summer chinook salmon and indices of land use. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 130: 347-358.
  • Peterson, N. P., E.F. Prentice., and T.P. Quinn . 1994. Comparison of sequential coded wire and passive integrated transponder tags for assessing overwinter growth and survival of juvenile coho salmon. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14: 870-873.
  • Prentice, E. F., T.A Flagg., C.S. McCutcheon, and D.F. Brastow . 1990. PIT-tag monitoring systems for hydroelectric dams and fish hatcheries. Pages 323-334 in N. C. Parker, A. E. Giorgi, R. C. Heidinger, and D. Jester, editors. Fish-marking techniques. American Fisheries Society, Symposium #7, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Prentice, E. F., T.A. Flagg, C.S. McCutcheon, D.F. Brastow, and D.C. Cross. 1990. Equipment, methods and an automated data-entry station for PIT tagging. Pages 335-340 in N. C. Parker, A. E. Giorgi, R. C. Heidinger, and D. Jester, editors. Fish-marking techniques. American Fisheries Society, Symposium #7, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Prentice, E. F. 1990. New internal telemetry tag for fish and crustaceans. Pages 1-9 in A. K. Sparks, editor. Marine Farming and Enhancement: Proceedings of the Fifteenth U. S. - Japan Meeting on Aquaculture. NOAA Technical Report NMFS #85, Washington, D. C.
  • Prentice, E. F., D. L. Park, T. A. Flagg, and S. McCutcheon. 1986. A study to determine the biological feasibility of a new fish tagging system, 1985-1986. Report to Bonneville Power Administration, Project No. 83-319, Contract No. DE-AI79-84BP11982. (Available from Bonneville Power Administration, P.O. Box 3621, Portland, OR 97 208.).
  • Prentice, E. F., T.A. Flagg, and C.S. McCutcheon. 1990. Feasibility of using implantable passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags in salmonids. Pages 317-322 in N. C. Parker, A. E. Giorgi, R. C. Heidinger, and D. Jester, editors. Fish-marking techniques. American Fisheries Society, Symposium #7, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • Riley, W. D., M. O. Eagle, and S. J. Ives. 2002. The onset of downstream movement of juvenile Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in a chalk stream. Fisheries Management and Ecology 87-94.
  • Roussel, J. M., A. Haro, and R. A. Cunjak. 2000. Field test of a new method for tracking small fishes in shallow rivers using passive integrated transponder (PIT) technology. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57: 1326-1329.
    Notes: Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).
  • Ruehle, T. E. and C. S. McCutcheon. 1994. PIT-tag studies with juvenile salmonids at the Chandler Canal fish collection facility, Yakima River, 1990. Report to Bonneville Power Administration, Project No. 90-65, Contract No. DE-AI79-909BP07099. (Available from Bonneville Power Administration, P.O. Box 3621, Portland, OR 97 208.).
  • Ryan, B. A., J. W. Ferguson, R. D. Ledgerwood, and E. P. Nunnallee. 2001. Detection of passive integrated transponder tags from juvenile salmonids on piscivorous bird colonies in the Columbia River basin. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 21: 417-421.
  • Ryan, B. A., S. G. Smith, J. M. Butzerin, and J. W. Ferguson. 2003. Relative vulnerability to avian predation of juvenile salmonids tagged with passive integrated transponders in the Columbia River Estuary, 1998-2000. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 132: 275-288.
  • Schrock, R. M., J. W. Beeman, D. W. Rondorf, and P. V. Haner. 1994. A microassay for gill sodium, potassium-activated ATPase in juvenile Pacific salmonids. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 123: 223-229.
  • Skalski, J. R., A. Hoffmann, and S. G. Smith. 1993. Development of survival relationships using concomitant variables measured from individual smolt implanted with PIT-tags. Report to Bonneville Power Administration, Project No. 89-107, Contract No. DE-BI79-90BP02341. (Available from Bonneville Power Administration, P.O. Box 3621, Portland, OR 97208).
  • Skalski, J. R., J. Lady, R. Townsend, A. E. Giorgi, J. R. Stevenson, C. P. Peven, and R. D. McDonald. 2001. Estimating in-river survival of migrating salmonid smolts using radiotelemetry. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58: 1987-1997.
  • Skalski, J. R., S. G. Smith, R. N. Iwamoto, J. G. Williams, and A. Hoffmann. 1998. Use of passive integrated transponder tags to estimate survival of migrant juvenile salmonids in the Snake and Columbia Rivers. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55: 1484-1493.
  • Smith, S. G., W. D. Muir, and J. G. Williams. 2002. Factors associated with travel time and survival of migrant yearling chinook salmon and steelhead in the lower Snake River. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22: 385-405.
  • Wipfli, M. S., J. P. Hudson, J. P. Caoette, and D. T. Chaloner. 2003. Marine subsidies in freshwater ecosystems: salmon carcasses increase growth rates of stream-resident salmonids. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 132: 371-381.
  • Zabel, R. W., J. J. Anderson, and P. A. Shaw. 1998. A multiple-reach model describing the migratory behavior of Snake River yearling chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55: 658-667.

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Trout and Char

  • Alanärä, A. and E. Brannas. 1996. Dominance in demand-feeding behaviour in arctic charr and rainbow trout: the effects of stocking density. Journal of Fish Biology 48: 242-254.
  • Alanärä, A. and E. Brännäs. 1997. Diurnal and nocturnal feeding activity in Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54: 2894-2900.
  • Alanärä, A., S. Winberg, E. Brannas, A. Kiessling, E. Hoglung, and U. Elofsson. 1998. Feeding behaviour, brain serotonergic activity levels, and energy reserves of arctic char within a dominance hierarchy. Canadian Journal of Zoology 76: 212-220.
  • Baxter, J. S., B. Westover, T. Down, and S. Snelson. 2001. Retention of floy tags and passive integrated transponder tags in a wild bull trout population one and two years after tagging. Bull Trout II, Conference Proceedings 177-180.
  • Bohlin, T., C. Dellefors, and U. Faremo. 1996. Date of smolt migration depends on body-size but not age in wild sea-run brown trout. Journal of Fish Biology 49: 157-164.
  • Brannas, E., H. Lundqvist, E. Prentice, M. Schmitz, K. Brannas, and B. S. Wiklund. 1994. Use of the Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) in a fish indentification and monitoring system for fish behavioral studies. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 123: 395-401.
    Notes: Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus).
  • Brannas, E. and A. Alanara. 1997. Is diel dualism in feeding activity influenced by competition between individuals? Canadian Journal of Zoology 75: 661-669.
    Notes: Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
  • Brannas, E., H. Lundqvist, E. Prentice, M. Schmitz, and K. Brannas. 1994. Use of the passive integrated transponder (PIT) in a fish identification and monitoring system for fish behavioural studies. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 123: 395-401.
  • Budy, P., A. I. Chokhachy, and G. P. Thiede. 2003. Bull trout population assessment and life-history characteristics in association with habitat quality and land use in the Walla Walla River Basin: a template for recovery planning. Annual Progress Report for 2002.
  • Greenberg, L. A., B. Hernnas, C. Bronmark, J. Dahl, A. Eklov, and K. H. Olsen. 2002. Effects of kinship on growth and movements of brown trout in field enclosures. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 11: 251-259.
  • Greenberg, L. A., T. Steinwall, and H. Persson. 2001. Effect of depth and substrate on use of stream pools by brown trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 130: 699-705.
  • Hilderbrand, R. H. 1998. Movements and conservation of cutthroat trout. Utah State University, Dissertation, Logan, Utah.
  • Hilderbrand, R. H. and J. L. Kershner. 2000. Movement patterns of stream-resident cutthroat trout in Beaver Creek, Idaho-Utah. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 129: 1160-1170.
  • Kitcheyan, D. C. 1999. Population structure of Apache trout (Oncorhynchus apache) in Flash and Squaw creeks on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation, Arizona. University of Arizona, Master's Thesis,Tucson, Arizona.
  • MacIntosh, K. J. 2001. Habitat use and movement by brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in three tributaries of Nipigon Bay, Lake Superior. Lakehead University, Master's Thesis,Thunder Bay, Ontario.
  • Morhardt, J. E., D. Bishir, C. I. Handlin, and S. D. Mulder. 2000. A portable system for reading large passive integrated transponder tags from wild trout. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 20: 276-283.
  • Olsen, E. M. and L. A. Vollestad. 2001. An evaluation of visible implant elastomer for marking age-0 brown trout. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 21: 967-970.
  • Olsson, I. C., L. A. Greenberg, and A. G. Eklov. 2001. Effect of an artificial pond on migrating brown trout smolts. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 21: 498-506.
  • Ombredane, D., J. L. Bagliniere, and F. Marchang . 1998. The effects of passive integrated transponder tags on survival and growth of juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) and their use for studying movement in a small river. Hydrobiologia 371/372: 99-106.
  • Pirhonen, J. and L. Forsman. 1999. Can smolting and maturation of hatchery-reared brown trout be affected by food deprivation during the first and second years of rearing? Aquaculture Research 30: 611-620.
  • Roghair, C. N. 2000. Recovery from and effects of a catastrohpic flood and debris flow on the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) population and instream habitat of the Staunton River, Shenandoah National Park, Virginia. Virgina Polytechnic Institute and State University, Master's Thesis, Blacksburg, Virginia.
  • Schmetterling, D. A. 2003. Reconnecting a fragmented river: movements of westslope cutthroat trout and bull trout after transport upstream of Milltown Dam, Montana. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 23: 721-731.
  • Sloman, K. A., D. W. Baker, C. M. Wood, and G. McDonald. 2002. Social interactions affect physiological consequences of sublethal copper exposure in rainbow trout. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 21: 1255-1263.
  • Walzem, R. L., T. Storebakken, S. S. O. Hung, and R. J. Hansen. 1991. Relationship between growth and selected liver enzyme activities of individual rainbow trout. Journal of Nutrition 121: 1090-1098.

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Birds

  • Ballard, G., D. G. Ainley, C. A. Ribic, and K. R. Barton. 2001. Effect of instrument attachment and other factors on foraging trip duration and nesting success of Adelie penguins. Condor 103: 481-490.
  • Carver, A. V., L. W. Burger, and L. A. Brennan. 1999. Passive integrated transponders and patagial tag markers for northern bobwhite chicks. Journal of Wildlife Management 63 : 162-166.
  • Collis, K. 1997. Recovery of PIT tags from piscivourous waterbird colonies. PTAGIS Newsletter 2: 1-2.
  • Collis, K., D. D. Roby, D. P. Craig, B. A. Ryan, and R. D. Ledgerwood. 2001. Colonial waterbird predation on juvenile salmonids tagged with passive integrated transponders in the Columbia River estuary: vulnerability of differenct salmonid species, stocks and rearing types. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 130: 385-396.
  • Freitag, A., A. Martinoli, and J. Urzelai. 2001. Monitoring the feeding activity of nesting birds with an autonomous system: case study of the endangered Wryneck Jynx Torquilla. Bird Study 48: 102-109.
  • Jamison, B. E., R. S. Beyer, R. J. Robel, and J. S. Pontius. 2000. Passive integrated transponder tags as markers for chicks. Poultry Science 79: 946-948.

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Fish (general)

  • Baras, E., C. Malbrouck, M. Houbart, P. Kestemont, and C. Melard. 2000. The Effect of Pit Tags on Growth and Physiology of Age-0 Cultured Eurasian Perch Perca Fluviatilis of Variable Size. Aquaculture 185: 159-173.
  • Baras, E. and L. Westerloppe. 1999. Transintestianl expulsion of surgically implanted tags by African catfish Heterobranchus longifilis of variable size and age. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 128: 737-746.
  • Baras, E., L. Westerloppe, C. Melard, and J. C. Philippart. 1999. Evaluation of implantation procedures for PIT-tagging juvenile Nile tilapia. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 61: 246-251.
  • Burdick, B. D. and R. L. Hamman. 1993. Study to evaluate several tagging and marking systems for Colorado squawfish, razorback sucker and bonytail. Report to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Available from Colorado River Fishery Project, 529 1/2 Road Suite B110, Grand Junction, CO 81505).
  • Buzby, K. and L. Deegan. 1999. Retention of anchor and passive integrated transponder tags by Arctic grayling. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14: 114-1150.
  • Clugston, J. P. 1996. Retention of T-bar anchor tags and passive integrated transponder tags by Gulf Sturgeon. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 16: 682-685.
  • Davenport, J., E. Baras, G. Fabi, and G. Jonsson. 1999. Concerted action "Improvements of tagging methods for stock assessment and research in fisheries" (CATAG). Final Report May 1999.
  • Dryer, M. 1996. Protocol on collecting, tagging, holding, transporting, and data recording for researchers and managers handling pallid sturgeon.
    Notes: technical memo.
  • Feldheim, K. A., S. H. Gruber, and M. V. Ashley. 2002. The breeding biology of lemon sharks at a tropical nursery lagoon. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B.
    Notes: DOI 10.1098/rspb.2002.2051 (02PB0216.1).
  • Feldheim, K. A., S. H. Gruber, J. R. C. De Marignac, and M. V. Ashley. 2002. Genetic tagging to determine passive integrated transponder tag loss in lemon sharks. Journal of Fish Biology 61: 1309-1313.
  • Feldheim, K. A. 2002. Genetic Analysis of the Mating System and Population Structure of the Lemon Shark, Negaprion brevirostris.
    Notes: Thesis.
  • Feldheim, K. A., S. H. Gruber, and M. V. Ashley. 2001. Multiple Paternity of a Lemon Shark Litter (Chondrichthyes: Carcharinidae). COPEIA 3: 70-82.
  • Forsberg, J. E. 2002. PIT tag scanning investigations. Internationa Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC) IPHC Report of Assessment and Research Activities 2002.
  • Haines, G. B., S. H. Severson, and T. Modde. 1998. Evaluation of razorback sucker and Colorado squawfish batch marking techniques. Progressive Fish Culturist 60: 272-275.
  • Haro, A., M. Odeh, T. Castro-Santos, and J. Noreika. 1999. Effect of slope and headpond on passage of American shad and Blueback herring through simple Denil and Deepened Alaska Steeppass fishways. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 51-58.
  • Harvey, W. D. and D. L. Campbell. 1989. Retention of passive integrated transponder tags in largemouth bass brood fish. Progressive Fish-Culturist 51: 164-166.
  • Hauser, D. D. 2002. Dockside scanning studies of the use of passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags on Pacific halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis): Feasibility and comparisons of PIT tag readers. International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC) IPHC Report of Assessment and Research Activities 2002.
  • Holden, C. 1995. Bass poachers hooked by bug. Science 268: 1765.
  • Holmgren, K. and H. Mosegaard. 1996. Implications of individual growth status on the future sex of the European eel. Journal of Fish Biology 49: 910-925.
  • Huang, Y. Tagging sturgeon in the dorsal muscle.
    Notes: technical memo.
  • Jenkins, W. E. and T. I. J. Smith. Use of PIT tags to individually striped bass and red drum brood stocks. 341-345.
  • Kaimmer, S. M. and T. O. Geernaert. 2001. Pilot studies on the use of PIT tags in Pacific halibut. International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC) IPHC Report of Assessment and Research Activities 2001: 301-332.
  • Mahapatra, K. D., B. Gjerde, P. V. G. K. Reddy, M. Sahoo, R. K. Jana, J. N. Saha, and M. Rye. 2001. Tagging: on the use of passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags for the identification of fish. Aquaculture Research 32: 47-50.
    Notes: rohu (Labeo rohita).
  • Moore, A. 1992. Passive integrated transponder tagging of channel catfish. Progressive Fish-Culturist 54: 125-127.
  • Nielsen, L. A. 1992. Methods of marking fish and shellfish. American Fisheries Society Special Publication #23.
  • Onders, R. J., S. D. Mims, C. Wang, and W. D. Pearson. 2001. Reservoir ranching of paddlefish. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 63: 179-190.
  • Orr, C. 1999. Enhancing sturgeon stewardship. Fraser River Sturgeon Conservation Society. 3551 Moncton Street, Richmond, BC V7E 3A3.
  • Parker, S. J. and P. S. Rankin. 2003. Tag location and retention in black rockfish: feasibility of using PIT tags in a wild marine species. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 23: 993-996.
  • Pine, W. E., K. H. Pollock, J. E. Hightower, T. J. Kwak, and J. A. Rice. 2003. A review of tagging methods for estimating fish population size and components of mortality. Fisheries 28: 10-22.
  • Rien, T. A., R. C. Beamesderfer, and C. A. Foster. 1994. Retention, recognition and effects on survival of several tags and marks for white sturgeon. California Fish and Game 80: 161-170.
  • Rien, T. Method of PIT tagging adult sturgeon in the head. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.
  • Smithson, E. B. and C. E. Johnston. 1999. Movement patterns of stream fishes in a Ouachita Highlands stream: an examination of the restricted movement paradigm. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 128 : 847-853.
    Notes: Creek chub (Semotilus atromaculatus), black-spotted topminnow (Fundulus olivaceus), longear sunfish (Lepomis megalotis), green sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus).
  • Strickland, P. A. 2002. American eel distribution and growth in selected tributaries of the James River. Virginia Polytechnic Institue and State University, Master's Thesis,Blacksburg, Virginia.
  • U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Colorado River Wildlife Service. 1990. Study to determine the biological feasibility of PIT tags for endangered fishes in the Upper Colorado River basin. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Colorado River Wildlife Service Colorado River Fisher Project, 529 1/2 Road Suite B110, Grand Junction, CO 81505.
  • Utne, A. C. W., E. Brannas, and C. Magnhagen. 1997. Individual responses to predation risk and food density in perch. Canadian Journal of Zoology 75: 2027-2035.
  • Zydlewski, G., C. Winter, D. McClanahan, J. Johnson, J. Zydlewski, and S. Casey. 2002. Evaluation of fish movements, migration patterns, and population abundance with streamwidth PIT tag interrogation systems. Report to Bonneville Power Administration, BPA Report DOE/BP-00005464-1, Project No. 2001-01200. (Available from Bonneville Power Administration, P.O. Box 3621, Portland, OR 97208): 72 electronic pages.

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Amphibians

  • Brown, L. J. 1997. Evaluation of some marking and trapping techniques currently used in the study of Anuran population dynamics. Journal of Herpetology 31: 410-419.
  • Camper, J. D. and J. R. Dixon. 1988. Evaluation of a microchip marking system for amphibians and reptiles. Texas A&M University.
  • Dixon, J. R. PIT implant sites for amphibians and reptiles.
    Notes: technical memo.
  • Eggert, C. 2002. Use of fluorescent pigments and implantable transmitters to track a fossorial toad (Pelobates fuscus). Herpetological Journal 12: 69-74.
  • Eggert, C. and R. Guyetant. 2003. Reproductive behavior of spadefoot toads (Pelobates fuscus): daily sex ratios and males' tactics, ages, and physical condition. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81: 46-51.
  • Engle, J. C. and J. C. Munger. 2000. Population fragmentation of spotted frogs in the Owyhee Mountains.
  • Holenweg, A. K. and H. U. Reyer. 2000. Hibernation behavior of Rana Lessonae and R. esculenta in their natural habitat. Oecologia 123: 41-47.
  • Johnson, B. R. and J. B. Wallace. 2002. In situ Measurement of Larval Salamander Growth Using Individuals Marked with Acrylic Polymers . Herpetological Review 33: 29-32.
  • Kam, Y.-C. and T. C. Chen. 2000. Abundance and movement of a riparian frog (Rana swinhoana) in a subtropical forest of Guandau Stream, Taiwan. Zoological Studies 39: 67-76.
  • Matthews, K. R. 2003. Response of mountain yellow-legged frogs, Rana muscosa, to short distance translocation. Journal of Herpetology 37: 621-626.
  • Maxcy, K. A. and J. Richardson. 1999. Abundance and movements of terrestrial salamanders in second-growth forests of southwestern British Columbia. 295-301.
  • Perret, N., R. Pradel, C. Miaud, O. Grolet, and P. Joly. 2003. Transience, dispersal and survival rates in newt patchy populations. Journal of Animal Ecology 72: 567-575.
  • Pope, K. L. and K. R. Matthews. 2001. Movement ecology and seasonal distribution of mountain yellow-legged frogs in a high-elevation Sierra Nevada Basin. Copeia 2001: 787-793.
  • Richter, S. C. and R. A. Seigel. 2002. Annual variation in the population ecology of the endangered gopher frog, Rana sevosa Goin and Netting. Copeia 4: 962-972.
  • Sorensen, K. 2002. Developing a monitoring protocol for Siren and Amphiuma in the Southeastern United States.
    Notes: Presented at the Joint Meeting of the American Elasmobranch Society. USGS.
  • Speare, R., L. Berger, and H. Hines. How to reduce the risks of you transmitting an infectious agent between frogs and between sites.
  • Zulich, A. W., D. Hamper, B. Clark, and T. Peitz. 1992. A report on the use of implanted transponders for permanent identification of reptiles and amphibians. Reptile and Amphibian Magazine Sept./Oct.: 60-62.

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Reptiles

  • Balazs, G. H. 1999. Factors to consider in the tagging of sea turtles. IUCN/SSC Marine Turtle Specialist Group Publication 4: 1-10.
  • Bittner T.D., R.B. King, and J.M. Kerfin. 2002. Effects of Body Size and Melanism on the Thermal Biology of Garter Snakes. Copeia 2: 477-482.
  • Blouin-Demers, G. and P. J. Weatherhead. Habitat use by black rat snakes (Elaphe obsoleta) in fragmented forests. 1-46.
  • Boarman, W. I., M. L. Beigel, G. C. Goodlett, and M. Sazaki. 1998. Passive integrated transponder system for tracking animal movements. Wildlife Society Bulletin 26: 886-891.
    Notes: Desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii).
  • Broderick, A. C., F. Glen, B. J. Godley, and G. C. Hays. 2003. Variation in reproductive output of marine turtles. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 288: 95-109.
  • Broderick, A. C. and B. J. Godley. 1999. Effect of tagging marine turtles on nesting behavior and reproductive success. Animal Behaviour 58: 587-591.
  • Dixon, J. R. PIT implant sites for amphibians and reptiles.
    Notes: technical memo.
  • Elbin, S. B. and J. Burger. 1994. Implantable microchips for individual identification in wild and captive populations. Wildlife Society Bulletin 22: 677-683.
    Notes: snakes.
  • Germano, D. J. and D. F. Wililams. 1993. Field evaluation of using Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags to permanently mark lizards. Herpetological Review 24: 54-56.
  • Hayes, W., R. Carter, and N. Mitchell. Marking Techniques. The World Conservation Union - Iguana Specialist Group .
    Notes: iguana.
  • Jemison, S. C., L. A. Bishop, P. G. May, and T. M. Farell. 1995. Impact of PIT-tags on growth and movement of the rattlesnake . Journal of Herpetology 29: 129-132.
  • Keck, M. B. 1994. Test for detrimental effects of PIT tags in neonatal snakes. Copeia 226-228.
  • Kuhnz, L. A. 2000. Microhabitats and Home Range of the California Legless Lizard Using Biotelemetry.
    Notes: Thesis.
  • Ott, J. A. and D. E. Scott. 1999. Effects of toe-clipping and PIT-tagging on growth and survival in metamorphic Ambystoma opacum. Journal of Herpetology 33: 344-348.
  • Reading, C. J. 1997. Proposed standard method for surveying reptiles on dry lowland heath. Journal of Applied Ecology 34: 1057-1069.
  • Reagan, S. R. 2000. American alligator nesting ecology in impounded marsh habitat, Louisiana. Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, PhD Dissertation.
  • Reina R.D., P.A. Mayor, J.R. Spotila, R. Piedra, and F.V. Paladino. 2002. Nesting Ecology of the Leatherback Turtle, Dermochelys coriacea, at Parque Nacional Marion Las Baulas, Costa Rica: 1988-1989 to 1999-2000. Copeia 3: 653-664.
  • Roark, A. W. and M. E. Dorcas. 2000. Regional body temperature variation in corn snakes measured using temperature-sensitive passive integrated transponders . Journal of Herpetology 34: 481-485.
  • Urban, C. A. 2004. The Timber Rattlesnake: Pennsylvania's Uncanny Mountain Denizen. Pennsylvania Angler & Boater Jan-Feb: 17-20.
  • Vliet K.A. Identification and Marking of Reptiles. University of Florida , 1-12. 2000.
  • Webb, J. K. and R. Shine. 1998. Ecological characteristics of a threatened snake species, Hoplocephalus bungaroides (Serpentes, Elapidae). Animal Conservation 1: 185-193.
  • Zulich, A. W., D. Hamper, B. Clark, and T. Peitz. 1992. A report on the use of implanted transponders for permanent identification of reptiles and amphibians. Reptile and Amphibian Magazine Sept./Oct.: 60-62.

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Crustaceans

  • Bubb, D. H., M. C. Lucas, T. J. Thom, and P. Rycroft. 2002. The potential use of PIT telemetry for identifying and tracking crayfish in their natural environment. Hydrobiologia 483: 225-230.
  • Donaldson, W. E., D. Schmidt, L. Watson, and D. Pengilly. 1992. Development of a technique to tag adult red king crab with passive integrated transponder tags. Journal of Shellfish Research 11: 91-94.
  • Kalvass, P. E. and J. M. Hendrix. 1998. Experimental analysis of 3 internal marking methods for red sea urchins. California Fish and game 84: 88-99.
  • Pengilly, D. and L. J. Watson. 1992. Visible (floy) and non-visible (PIT) tag retention experiments and automated PIT tag detection trials conducted on Bristol Bay red king crab in 1991. Alaska Fish and Game, Regional Inforamtion Report #4K92-28. Division of Commercial Fisheries, 211 Mission Road, Kodiak, AK 99615.
  • Pengilly, D. and L. J. Watson. 1994. Automated detection of internally injected tags in red king crabs at crab processing facilities. Fisheries Research 19: 293-300.
  • Prentice, E. F. 1990. New internal telemetry tag for fish and crustaceans. Pages 1-9 in A. K. Sparks, editor. Marine Farming and Enhancement: Proceedings of the Fifteenth U. S. - Japan Meeting on Aquaculture. NOAA Technical Report NMFS #85, Washington, D. C.

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Mammals

  • Barker, J. M., R. Boonstra, and A. Schulte-Hostedde. 2003. Age Determination in Yellow-Pine Chipmunks (Tamias amoenus): A Comparison of Eye Lens Masses and Bone Sections. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81: 1774-1779.
  • Bergersen, E. P., K. B. Rogers, and L. V. Conger . 1994. A livestock hormone pellet injector for implanting PIT tags. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14: 224-225.
  • Braude, S. and D. Ciszek. 1998. Survival of naked mole-rates marked by implantable transponders and toe-clipping. Journal of Mammalogy 79: 360-363.
  • Conill, C., G. Caja, R. Nehring, and O. Ribo. 2000. Effects of injection position and transponder size on the performances of passive injectable transponders used for the electronic identification of cattle. Journal of Animal Science 78: 3001-3009.
  • Gabel, A. A. and R. C. Knowles. 1987. Electronic identification system for horses. MVP 544-547.
  • Harper, S. J. and G. O. Batzli. 1996. Monitoring use of runways by voles with passive integrated transponders. Journal of Mammology 77: 364-369.
  • Johnson, W. C. 2001. New individual marking technique: positional hair clipping. Southwestern Naturalist 46: 126-129.
    Notes: Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus), praire voles (Microtus ochrogaster).
  • Kerth, G., K. Safi, and B. Konig. 2002. Mean Colony Relatedness is a Poor Predictor of Colony Structure and Female Philopatry in the Communally Breeding Bechstein's Bat (Myotis bechsteinii). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 52: 203-210.
  • Morley, C. G. 2002. Evaluating the Performance of PIT tags and Ear Tags in a Capture-Recapture Experiment. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 29: 143-148.
    Notes: ferrets.
  • Rogers, L. M., T. D. Hounsome, and C. L. Cheeseman. 2002. An evaluation of passive integrated transponders (PITs) as a means of permanently marking Badgers (Meles meles). Mammal Review 32: 63-65.
  • Schmidt, N. M., T.B. Berg, and T.S. Jensen. 2002. The Influence of Body Mass on Daily Movement Patterns and Home Ranges of the Collared Lemming (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus). Canadian Journal of Zoology 80: 64-69.
  • Schooley, R. L., B. Van Horne, and K. P. Burnham. 1993. Passive integrated transponders for marking free-ranging Townsend's ground squirrels. Journal of Mammalogy 74: 480-484.
  • Schulte-Hostedde, A., J.S. Millar, and H.L. Gibbs. 2002. Female-Biased Sexual Size Dimorphism in the Yellow-Pine Chipmunk (Tamias amoenus): Sex-Specific Patterns of Annual Reproductive Success and Survival. Evolution 56: 2519-2529.
  • Tillman, T., K. Kamino, H. Dasenbrock, M. Ernst, M. Kohler, G. Morawietz, E. Campo, A. Cardesa, L. Tomatis, and U. Mohr. 1997. Subcutaneous soft tissue tumors at the site of implanted microchips in mice. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology 49: 197-200.
  • Verbeylen, G., L. De Bruyn, and E. Matthysen. 2003. Patch Occupancy, Population Density and Dynamics in a Fragmented Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris Population. Ecography 26: 118-128.
  • Wilder, S. M. 2003. Factors Affecting the Negative Density Area Relationship of the White-Footed Mouse (Peromyscus leucopus) .

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Other

  • Barbin, G. P. 1998. Role of olfaction in homing and estuarine migratory behavior of yellow-phase American eels. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55: 564-575.
    Notes: gbarbin@javanet.com G. P. Barbin, University of Maine, School of Marine Sciences, 5741 Libby Hall, Orono, ME 04469-5741, USA.
  • Conill C., G. Caja, R. Nehring, and O. Ribo. 2002. The Use of Passive Injectable Transponders in Fattening Lambs From Birth to Slaughter: Effects of Injection Position, Age, and Breed. American Society of Animal Science 80: 919-925.
  • Radke, J. Electronic tags latest tool to catch cactus crooks. 2000.

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